Welcome Captain Capitalism readers! The Goddess of Capitalism welcomes the denizens of the “Man-o-sphere” with open arms! For more Man-o-sphere goodness, please check out the “HISTORY OF WAR PAINT“.
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One of the items on my “bucket list” is to see the legendary city of Meroe, which is in the Sudan and is home to some of the most beautiful ancient structures that exist:
Some of my readers may be shocked to learn there are more pyramids in the Sudan than there are in Egypt:
The kingdom of Cush (or Kush) flourished south of Egypt along the Nile from the Eighth Century B.C. to the Fourth Century A.D. Here the rulers of Cush built some 228 pyramids, three times as many as the Pharaohs managed to pile up! We rarely hear or see anything of these strange, steeply pointed structures. They are usually less than 100 feet high and not as impressive and mysterious as those farther north beyond the Aswan Dam.
The Cushite kingdom’s passion for pyramids was probably acquired in the Eighth Century B.C., when it actually ruled Egypt for a few years until the Assyrians pushed its armies back south in 671 B.C. With them, the Cushites took the pyramid idea, Egyptian art forms, and hieroglyphics. They liked pyramids so well that the Cushite rulers kept on building them until the kingdom’s demise in 350 A.D. — some 2,000 years after the Egyptians had abandoned this form of architecture altogether.
There is nothing in the Cush pyramids that can be called anomalous. It’s just so surprising to learn there are so many of them and that they are so neglected in the TV documentaries.
The Cush empire did leave us one enigma: an alphabetical script of 23 symbols that has never been deciphered. P. Wolf, at Berlin’s Humboldt University, fears that, “Maybe we will never be able to decipher the language. Every-body is hoping for some sort of Rosetta stone.”
That being noted, there has been an exciting new discovery: Cluster of 35 ancient pyramids unearthed in Sudan
At least 35 small pyramids, along with graves, have been discovered clustered closely together at a site called Sedeinga in Sudan.
Discovered between 2009 and 2012, researchers are surprised at how densely the pyramids are concentrated. In one field season alone, in 2011, the research team discovered 13 pyramids packed into roughly 5,381 square feet (500 square meters), or slightly larger than an NBA basketball court.
They date back around 2,000 years to a time when a kingdom named Kush flourished in Sudan. Kush shared a border with Egypt and, later on, the Roman Empire. The desire of the kingdom’s people to build pyramids was apparently influenced by Egyptian funerary architecture.
The entire history of the region is fascinating. The area was so highly influenced by ancient Egyptian culture that when it was waning because of internal strife, Kings of Kush came up to re-assert the traditional ways and formed the 25th Dynasty:
By the eleventh century B.C., the authority of the New Kingdom dynasties had diminished, allowing divided rule in Egypt, and ending Egyptian control of Cush. There is no information about the region’s activities over the next 300 years. In the eighth century B.C., however, Cush reemerged as an independent kingdom ruled from Napata by an aggressive line of monarchs who gradually extended their influence into Egypt. About 750 B.C., a Cushite king called Kashta conquered Upper Egypt and became ruler of Thebes until approximately 740 B.C. His successor, Painkhy, subdued the delta, reunited Egypt under the Twenty-fifth Dynasty, and founded a line of kings who ruled Cush and Thebes for about a hundred years. The dynasty’s intervention in the area of modern Syria caused a confrontation between Egypt and Assyria. When the Assyrians in retaliation invaded Egypt, Taharqa (688-663 B.C.), the last Cushite pharaoh, withdrew and returned the dynasty to Napata, where it continued to rule Cush and extended its dominions to the south and east.
Finally, please check out the NOVA special on the reconstruction of the ancient Egyptian war chariot — it was awesome! (Click here for link to video).